What is Smart Grid Gyan?

Smart Grid is an evolving set of various technologies, especially information and communication technologies, working together to improve the present grid. Being an evolving technology, it is difficult to define it. Further, the applications of smart grid shall depend on the location and the requirements, henceforth its definition.

Number of renowned organizations working towards the development of Smart Grid has come up with their definitions, a few of which has been listed:

A Smart Grid is an electricity network that can intelligently integrate the actions of all users connected to it generators, consumers and those that do both in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies.

A Smart Grid employs innovative products and services together with intelligent monitoring, control, communication, and self-healing technologies to:

Smart Grid deployment must include not only the technology, market and commercial considerations, environmental impact, regulatory framework, standardization usage, ICT (Information & Communication Technology) and migration strategy but also societal requirements and governmental edicts.

-European Smart Grid Technology Platform

SG3 defines Smart Grids as the concept of modernizing the electric grid. The Smart Grid is integrating the electrical and information technologies in between any point of generation and any point of consumption.

-SG3 (Smart Grid Working Group 3), International Electro technical Commission (IEC)

The Smart Grid is a developing network of transmission lines, equipment, controls and new technologies working together to respond immediately to our 21st Century demand for electricity.

-US Government, Department of Energy.

A Smart Grid is one that incorporates information and communications technology into every aspect of electricity generation, delivery and consumption in order to minimize environmental impact, enhance markets, improve reliability and service, reduce costs and improve efficiency.

-Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

Smart Grid, is therefore, a power system capable of two-way communication between all the entities of the network-generation, transmission, distribution and the consumers. The aim of smart grid is to provide real-time monitoring and control, and thus improve the overall efficiency of the entire system apart from inclusion of renewable energy resources into the system.?

Smart Grid Bulletin January 2019

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