Smart village concept wins accolades

An internet-based project idea for a ‘smart village’ developed by a team from Saranathan Engineering College has won kudos and was showcased at the ‘Rooftop Solar and Energy Efficient Projects’ exhibition organised by Tata Power Delhi Distribution Limited (TPDDL) at Rashtrapati Bhavan (President Estate) in New Delhi recently.

Final-year Electronic and Electrical Engineering (EEE) students M. Ramesh, S. Sivashankaran, V. Ramkumar, E. Saran Prabhu, guided by their associate professor N. Gayathri, formed the winning team behind the project titled ‘Development of an IoT-based Smart Village.’

IoT stands for ‘internet of things,’ that networks physical devices, vehicles, buildings, and other items that are enabled to collect and exchange data through cyberspace.

The Saranathan College group had originally entered their proposal in a national competition to modernise power sector that was organised by India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) in association with TPDDL and Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT) during the India Smart Grid Week.

They were one of just two (both college-based) teams that participated in the competition from Tamil Nadu.

Out of a total of 150 projects submitted, 30 were short-listed and invited to exhibit their project as part of the ‘INNO-THON 2017’ event at the NSIT, Delhi in late January.

The day-long Rashtrapati Bhavan exhibition, inaugurated by President Pranab Mukherjee on February 10 was part of the first phase of a solar power project in the President’s Estate that would generate 670KW electricity.


The Saranathan College project envisages modernisation of the Indian village in three areas: energy, irrigation and waste management.

“I have done my Masters in EEE, and worked on an idea for Smart City for my project,” associate professor Ms. Gayathri told The Hindu. “For this contest, we decided to adapt that basic idea to suit a village,” she added.

The small-scale prototype uses commercially available sensors and links up several points of use through a central government web portal. “For the village home, we decided to equip each house with a smart meter that would optimise the domestic use of electricity,” said Ms. Gayathri. “For irrigation management, we created a system of watering that is not manually operated. Sensors can detect soil condition, release water in the field, and stop the supply automatically,” she said.

With regards to solid waste management, three customised dustbins fitted with sensors would indicate when they would be ready for emptying into the trash compactor trucks.

“Lack of internet awareness in our villages is the biggest challenge for us,” said Ms. Gayathri. “We have to ensure that people are taught to adapt to the smart culture before introducing a technology-based system in the village.”

Being over-reliant on online platforms can also lead to data security problems. “We have planned for a minimal encryption of sensitive data at this point, but perhaps will upgrade it once the project gets into the real world,” she said.

If industrial sponsorship was forthcoming, the Saranathan College team plans to test its project in Panjappur village, the academic added.

Source :

Smart Grid Bulletin February 2019

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