NEW DELHI: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur has collaborated with the British Geological Survey to turn Varanasi into a smart city. Three dimensional geological modelling of the geology under Varanasi will be prepared to help improve the building of new transport and service infrastructure.
Further, according to a release shared by the IIT, the preservation of archaeological sites and the management of flooding hazards and the sustainability of water supplies would also be undertaken.
The potential degradation of resources and environment affects both the city and its rural hinterland (catchment) but few studies consider them as a linked ecosystem, explained Abhijit Mukherjee, Project Leader at IIT Kharagpur’s Department of Geology and Geophysics. Faculty members Probal Sengupta (Geology and Geophysics) and Joy Sen (Architecture and Regional Planning & RGCGSIDM) are working as co-Investigators in the project.
The project includes application of geoscientific methods (e.g. drilling, geological, geophysical, tectonics, hydrogeological and remote sensing). It aims to delineate the evolution of Varanasi and other future of cities of India, from the hazard zonation/mitigation of the city. The retrieved information on rock and sediment lithologies, physical and chemical characteristics, geotechnical properties, hazard potential and groundwater distribution and flow will lead to construction of a multi-scale 3D conceptual model to allow visualisation of the ground beneath the city.
According to the release, it would be the first major 3D subsurface urban study and planning of its kind in India, with the ultimate aim of developing methodologies and input of suburban geology for planning and hazard risk assessment, said Dr Martin Smith, Director Science, British Geological Survey.
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