Drastic increase in population, disorderly construction of houses and factories, traffic congestion, water shortage, filthy waste dumping sites and pollution – the city of Yokohama in Japan has seen nothing less than what Delhi has in the past few decades.
But while the national capital continues to struggle in ideating sustainable projects, Yokohama has emerged as the biggest ‘Smart City’ in Japan with the help of a unique public-private participation model.
It was in 2010, when Yokohama, Japan’s second-largest city and once known as the ‘bedroom town’ of Tokyo, formulated the Yokohama Smart City Project (YSCP). It was conceptualised as a five-year pilot for three of its districts – Minato Mirai 21 Area (urban centre), Kohoku New Town Area (residential) and Yokohama Green Valley Area (industrial). Having developed these three ‘smart districts’ way ahead of the deadline, the YSCP was later expanded a project area covering about 435 square kilometres.
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