Latrobe Valley dairy farmers could be buying and selling locally generated renewable energy using blockchain, due to a study funded by the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA).
ARENA announced $370,000 in funding for a feasibility study into a ‘virtual microgrid’ for the Latrobe Valley.
The $775,000 project will be led by Brooklyn-based energy company LO3 Energy and focuses on the feasibility of creating a ‘virtual microgrid’ across up to 200 dairy farms, over 100 household consumers and around 20 other commercial and industrial customers in the Gippsland region.
A ‘virtual microgrid’ is a local marketplace of connected energy users who can buy and sell electricity within a localised area.
The virtual microgrid will incorporate solar PV, battery storage, smart appliances and enabling technologies combined with the LO3’s Exergy peer-to-peer energy trading platform which uses blockchain technology to allow participants to securely buy and sell locally produced renewable energy.
This marketplace would allow Gippsland farmers to take greater control of their energy use, providing the opportunity to sell their solar power back to the grid, delivering savings on their energy bills.
Participants would be linked in an internet-of-things-based marketplace while using AusNet’s distribution network. Participants would have a combination of solar, battery and smart devices to generate and store energy and manage usage.
Farmers would be able to participate at no upfront cost through loans provided by the Sustainable Melbourne Fund, repaid through council rates.
The study is expected to be completed by end of 2018, and if successful the pilot microgrid could be rolled out in Gippsland in 2019.
The project involves a consortium of partners including AusNet Services, Sustainable Melbourne Fund, Dairy Australia and Siemens.
ARENA CEO Ivor Frischknecht said the feasibility study would be the first step in transitioning one of Victoria’s primary agricultural regions towards renewables, and would be the first trial of a blockchain-based virtual microgrid in Australia.
“With significant increases in distributed energy resources across the network, there is an emerging opportunity to optimise these systems through orchestration.
“The ‘virtual microgrid’ concept brings an alternative approach to these solutions where the control remains with the customers, rather than retailers, who can choose to opt in depending on the current prices and energy types, or their willingness to provide demand response,” Frischknecht said.
“A large focus of LO3’s project is capturing the benefits from avoided network investments combined with optimising energy consumption to significantly improve the economic outcomes and increase the generation sourced from renewable energy for the Latrobe Valley region,” he said.
Brooklyn-based energy company LO3 built and manage the Brooklyn Microgrid, which was the first local energy marketplace to use blockchain.
Lawrence Orsini, LO3’s founder and CEO said: “This is a landmark project for us and the Australian energy industry as it combines a number of our innovative technologies to optimise the use of renewable energy.”
“As the economy decarbonises and coal generation continues to be retired, wind and solar will increasingly enter the market – but their intermittent generation has created a need for new ways to store and manage energy,” he said.
“This microgrid will showcase solutions for this including battery storage to make greater use of solar energy and demand response in which consumers will be paid for choosing to conserve energy at peak times,” said Orsini.
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