India : Shared mobility, electrification to save 1.5 gigatonnes of CO2: Niti Aayog

India can reduce annual mobility demand by nearly 1,800 billion vehicle km in 2035 by reducing transportation demand through transit-oriented development and improving asset utilization with high adoption of ridesharing and public transit.

New Delhi: Calling for higher usage of public transport and shared mobilityNiti Aayog said increasing ownership of private vehicles has led to higher energy consumption and pollution, besides creating congestion and health and safety related hazards.

To promote the shared mobility ecosystem, the government is starting to put in place supportive policies and several states have developed policies for regulation of the shared mobility space.

Stating that India can cumulatively save up to 1.5 gigatonnes of CO2 through 2035 if sharing and vehicle electrification is promoted, the government think tank said shared mobility can address the growing challenges, as the shift will enable efficient asset utilisation and reduce transportation cost.

"Shared mobility has the potential to displace private vehicle ownership, which is typically costly, inequitable, and inefficient in comparison," as per a report by Niti Aayog titled 'Moving Forward Together: Enabling Shared Mobility in India'.

There has been a decline in public transit usership in India, the report noted, adding that this is in part due to growing affordability of middle class for personal vehicles, increasing availability of intermediate paratransit like auto rickshaws and ride-hailing services and lack of adequate public transit capacity.

With regard to ride hailing services, it said from 2015 to 2016, Uber and Ola's ridership in India grew four-fold, serving around 70 million trips monthly and projections for 2018 suggest they will account for 66 billion vehicle kilometers traveled.

India can reduce annual mobility demand by nearly 1,800 billion vehicle km in 2035 by reducing transportation demand through transit-oriented development and improving asset utilization with high adoption of ridesharing and public transit.

The report outlined the potential benefits of shared mobility such as lower fuel consumption, reduced emissions, lower cost of transportation, reduced congestion and employment generation.

"A shared mobility future will require infrastructure, technological, and operational developments, which will drive employment in these sectors," it added.

In a shared mobility paradigm with fewer vehicle kilometers traveled, a significant reduction in fuel consumption can be achieved, with positive implications on fuel imports and national energy security.

With regard to viability of electric vehicles, the report said e-vehicles typically have higher upfront costs but lower operating costs than internal combustion engine vehicles, due to the relatively lower cost of electricity compared with gasoline. 

Highlighting the opportunities in the shared mobility space, Niti Aayog said India is uniquely positioned to leapfrog personal vehicle ownership, and is expected to be a leader in shared mobility with shared miles expected to reach 35 per cent of all the miles travelled by 2030 and 50 per cent by 2040.

Regarding current challenges for shared mobility in India, it said issues such as lack of adequate mass transit infrastructure and services, regulatory barriers, and individual behaviour is a hindrance to mass adoption of public transport.

 

Source : https://auto.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/industry/shared-mobility-electrification-to-save-1-5-gigatonnes-of-co2-niti-aayog/65841178

Smart Grid Bulletin September 2018


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