In the dynamically transforming and evolving technological scenario of today, it is envisioned that the next-generation of transport systems will seamlessly integrate different technologies. This will require public-private cooperation along with devising new ways.
These improvements, when realized, would ease traffic congestion, lower road accidents and reduce pollution.
As per McKinsey and Bloomberg New Energy Finance 2016 report, there would be a rapid transition to advanced mobility solutions that would contribute colossal $600 billion dollars in societal benefits till 2030.
With this backdrop, the possibilities and benefits of alternative technologies for urban mobility in India were discussed at the 11th Urban Mobility India conference.
Arnaud Dauphin, Senior Transport Specialist, AFD Paris, said there are mainly 3 types of alternative technologies that AFD supports –Alternative systems to compliment MRT systems, which is being implemented in Kochi and Hyderabad; alternative solutions for cleaner transportation, whose example is installation of pilot charging solar stations in Puducherry; and alternative technologies for digitalization.
Dauphin also gave the examples of alternative mobility being used in Medellin, Colombia and Ecuador.
Digital mobility has multiple benefits. It optimizes existing mobility systems, improves monitoring and planning tools and nurtures a mobility ecosystem.
“Digital transport systems should be promoted for open data access, mapping informal public transportation, developing apps for multi-nodal operations”, added Dauphin.
Electrification of public transportation is also a way to reduce pollution and save fuel. But India needs to go a long way for even partial electrification of public road transport. Out of 3,85,000 electric buses in the world 99% run on Chinese roads, while in India there are only 30 electric buses. India needs to popularize electric transportation and incentivize it.
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