Distributed energy technologies are becoming increasingly important in the energy supply systems of many countries because of the need to provide sustainable access to energy across the globe. Here are a few influences that will need attention to enable smoother delivery of distributed energy projects.
The integration of renewable energy in the transmission and distribution systems is due to its potential to mitigate congestion in transmission lines, reduce impacts of electricity price fluctuations, strengthen energy security and provide greater stability to the electricity grid. Despite this tremendous prospect, the distributed electricity model has both advantages and disadvantages relative to the traditional model.
Energy in any form is no doubt one of the major drivers of the socioeconomic development of every nation, and its impact in this regard cannot be overly emphasised. In comparison to the centralised model, renewable energy technologies have a huge role to play – most especially in the contribution of electricity to various sectors and facets of everyday life including education, health, agriculture and housing.
The positive spinoffs of access to energy is especially true in rural areas of developing countries that are unserved and under-served. For example, in rural areas without electricity services, this distributed model may be the only option, as the costs of extending the centralised grid may be prohibitive. Similarly, in areas where the centralised grid is already installed, distributed generation can improve grid resilience by providing reliable electricity.
The use of renewable resources in distributed energy is an environmentally friendly approach to providing access to reliable electricity that is also a medium to mitigate climate change related issues. It can also provide a path for direct private investment in new generation. It has helped in increasing agricultural productivity, crop irrigation, preservation of farm produce, and agro-processing.
The extent of the benefits include helping in the reduction of rural-urban migration for reasons of getting employment and better livelihoods. Thus, access to electricity from distributed generation based on renewable energy technologies is very crucial to economic growth and development.
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