After a century of focus on centralized power generation and creation of massive electric grids, today the focus is towards de-centralized generation. As more and more distributed generation resources get connected at the distribution end, traditional boundaries between generation, transmission and distribution are fast disappearing - evolving into one "Integrated Grid".
With consumers becoming "prosumers", the grid that is built for one-way flow of electricity is now experiencing bi-directional flow of electrons. Thus, debate on whether to invest in transmission or in storage - the choice between "Generation + Transmission + Distribution" AND "Distributed Generation + Storage + Distribution" is becoming real.
To address the challenges, the Indian power system is expected to grow 8-10% p.a. for the next several decades - managing a rapidly growing power system of this size requires smarter systems.
1. Identify, study and analyse the critical issues related to Indian transmission systems and recommend appropriate system enhancements in terms of upgradations in technologies and standards, by creating a suitable platform within the ecosystem for the sustainable success of Smart Grid deployment in India.
2. To outline the feasibility, optimum standards & implementation strategies for Indian DISCOMs to progress beyond the scope of R-APDRP & towards Advanced Distribution and Smart Grids.
- Optimal Power System operation(security and availability and economy)
- Improved Transmission Monitoring (WAMS) using PMU/PDCs
- Better coordination between transmission and distribution(Grid Discipline)
- Improved Transformer monitoring
- Use of Robotics/ helicopters for commissioning and maintenance of transmission line which include live/hot line insulator cleaning and replacement, thermo-scanning, etc.
- Advanced network planning commensurate with generation & distribution for IPPs, CPPs and renewables and inclusion of FACTS and HVDC controllers
- Techno-economic feasibility studies for conversion and modernization of EHV sub-stations in urban areas with GIS, unlocking the value of the real-estate.
- Power Pricing/ Markets
- Adherence to Central/State Regulatory norms, Open Access, Tariff directives
- Transparent and improved models for transmission pricing, which capture marginal costs and incentives (e.g., LMP)
- Introduction of day-ahead and hour-ahead trading
- Advanced Distribution Operations
- Integration with R-APDRP systems
- Advanced Asset Management
- Self-Healing Networks
- Integration of Distributed Energy Resources